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Taihu Lake is a freshwater lake in Eastern China, covering an area of 2250 square kilometers. It is the third last freshwater lake of China, only after Poyang Lake and Dongting Lake. Taihu Lake has about 90 islands, whose sizes vary from several square meters to several square kilometers. Taihu Lake is well known for its unique “Taihu Stone”, which is often used to decorate traditional Chinese gardens. Taihu Lake is also famous for its high-yield fishing industry. Since the late 1970s, fishing fish and crabs is rather important for the residents along the lake and makes great contribution to the economy of the surrounding areas. Taihu Lake region is one of the bases of Chinese ceramics, and the manufacturers of pottery in Yixing produce world-famous Yixing clay teapots.
太湖 Taihu Lake
淡水湖 freshwater lake
潘阳湖 Poyang Lake
洞庭湖 Dongting Lake
20世纪70年代后期 the late 1970s
Qinghai Lake located about 100 kilometers west of Xining, the provincial capital of Qinghai, is the largest saltwater lake in China, at an elevation of 3,205 meters. Qinghai Lake has an acreage of 4,317 square kilometers, and a maximum depth of 25.5 meters. There are 23 rivers flowing into it, and most of them are seasonal. Five main rivers consist of 80% of the total amount of lake water. The lake is situated at the junction of several bird immigration routes across Asia. A great many birds use Qinghai Lake as an intermediate stop during migration. In the west of the lake lies the well-known “Birds Island” , which appeals to birdwatchers from all over the world. Every summer, tourists also come here for the purpose of watching the international cycling competition.
洞庭湖位于湖南省东北部，面积很大，但湖水很浅。洞庭湖是长江的蓄洪地， 湖的大小很大程度上取决于季节变化。湖北和湖南两省因其与湖的相对位置而得名：湖北意为“胡的北边”， 而湖南则为“湖的南边”。洞庭湖作为龙舟赛的发源地，在中国文化中享有盛名。据说龙舟赛始于洞庭湖东岸，为的是搜寻楚国爱国诗人屈原的遗体。龙舟赛与洞庭湖及周边的美景，每年都吸引着成千上万来自全国和世界各地的游客。
Dongting Lake is a large, swallow lake that is located in northeastern of Hunan province, China. It is a flood basin of the Yangtze River. Hence the lake’s size largely depends on the season. Two provinces in China are named Hunan and Hubei due to the fact that they are relative position to the lake: Hubei means “north side of Lake”; Hunan means “ South side of the Lake”. As an origin of dragon boat racing, Dongting Lake enjoys a good reputation in Chinese culture. It is said that Dragon boat racing begun on the eastern shores of Dongting Lake for searching Quyuan’s body who is a patriotic poet. Dragon Boat Racing and beautiful scenery of Donting Lake as well as the surrounding beautiful scenery attract thousands of domestic people and foreigners every year.